With such a large group like the vertebrates (~66,000 species) it is difficult to discuss
and compare the anatomy of each during the time we have in the semester. As we have
seen the skull and jaws are such important steps in the evolution of vertebrates it is crucial
we sufficiently investigate them in lecture, lab and with your individual assignments.
- Choose a non-human vertebrate of interest to you
- Research the skull anatomy and morphology, jaws, muscle insertions/origins of
masticatory muscles and dentition the of your specific vertebrate
- You will use peer reviewed resources
- Read, review, understand and summarize the material you have collected
- Introduce your vertebrate with full proper species name.
- Describe the structures in your specific example. Morphology, size, orientation,
landmarks, attachments for muscles, density, kinesis etc. What makes it unique?
How has it evolved? Why has it evolved in this why? How does it reflect the way the
animal interacts with its environment?
- Your paper should indicate that you have in depth knowledge of the crania, jaws
and dentition of your vertebrate.
• Length of paper is a maximum of five pages of text.
• No need for title page put your name and student number at the top flush right on
• Double spaced with 1” margins.
• Separate reference page in alphabetical order.
• Times New Roman or similar ‘normal’ font type size 12.
• Only use peer reviewed resources.
• References page should include at least six sources of information.
• Do not use direct quotes summarize learned information and use in text referencing.
• Do not use wikipedia or other internet web links (except for images when necessary)
Instructor Dr ML Patriquin
- To learn to follow instructions.
- To learn how to access peer reviewed resources relevant to a subject.
- To gain knowledge about your species, while becoming familiar with scientific
writing and possibly new terminology as it pertains to your structures or species.
- To learn to organize, compile and summarize large amounts of information in a clear
concise manner, while practicing using in text referencing.
- Summarize information presented in a written document without plagiarizing.
WRITING AND REFERENCE FORMATTING
(Author, Date) for in-text citations
Two authors (Meek and Jones, 2008)
(Rand et al., 2006) for more than two authors
With multiple references at the end of a sentence use chronologicalorder.
o The mesoderm is the middle cellular layer during early embryonic
development (Jones, 1942; White and Harness, 2010; MacAdam, 2016).
Reference Page Format
Make the reference page alphabetical by author.
Use consistent format.
Journal with one author
Altman RD (1991). Classification of disease: osteoarthritis. Semin Arthritis Rheum 20, 40-47.
Journal with two or more authors
Corazza S, Mundermann L, Chaudhari AM, Demattio T, Cobelli C, & Andriacchi
TP (2006). A markerless motion capture system to study musculoskeletal
biomechanics: visual hull and simulated annealing approach. Ann Biomed Eng 34,
Chapter in a book
Simoneau GG (2002). Kinesiology of Walking. In Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System:
Foundations for Physical Rehabilitation, ed. Neuman DA, pp. 523-569. Mosby, Inc, St. Louis,
Winter DA (2005). Biomechanics and motor control of human movement, 3 ed. John
Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
WRITING CENTRE RESOURCE
PLEASE TAKE ADVANTAGE OF RESOURCES LIKE THE WRITING CENTRE TO HELP WITH WRITING AND/OR
REFERENCING. PLAGIARISM P2-5
Do you need help with this assignment or any other? We got you! Place your order and leave the rest to our experts.