Health Care Response


In recent years, primary healthcare (PHC) has re-emerged as an important strategy in both improving population health and in making healthcare systems more effective, responsive and efficient. One hundred ninety three countries have adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), making the achievement of universal health coverage (UHC) a principal goal for the global health community through 2030. Multiple global, national and subnational organizations recognize that strong PHC systems will be essential to achieving UHC. Despite this increased focus on the centrality of PHC, the of PHC systems globally, and in particular in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC), is poor. Significant improvements in PHC systems and service delivery are needed in order to meet the SDGs and achieve UHC. Efforts to do so, however, are hampered by the state of PHC research in LMIC which is currently fragmented, underfunded and under-prioritized (Bitton et al., 2019).

    Although health outcomes have improved in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the past several decades, a new reality is at hand. Changing health needs, growing public expectations, and ambitious new health goals are raising the bar for health systems to produce better health outcomes and greater social value. But staying on current trajectory will not suffice to meet these demands. What is needed are high-quality health systems that optimize health care in each given context by consistently delivering care that improves or maintains health, by being valued and trusted by all people, and by responding to changing population needs. Quality should not be the purview of the elite or an aspiration for some distant future; it should be the DNA of all health systems. The human right to health is meaningless without good quality care because health systems cannot improve health without it (Kruk et al., 2018).


Bitton, A., Fifield, J., Ratcliffe, H., Karlage, A., Wang, H., Veillard, J. H., Schwarz, D., & Hirschhorn, L. R. (2019). Primary healthcare system performance in low-income and middle-income countries: a scoping review of the evidence from 2010 to 2017. BMJ global health4(Suppl 8), e001551.

Kruk, M. E., Gage, A. D., Arsenault, C., Jordan, K., Leslie, H. H., & Roder-DeWan, S. (2018). High-quality health systems in the Sustainable Development Goals era: time for a revolution. The Lancet Global Health6(11), E1196–E1252.

Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.) Include at least one scholarly reference and appropriate in-text citations and Address all points on the DQ. One point will be deducted for not addressing each item mentioned above. Remember that presenting someone else’s work as your own is plagiarism. 

  • Ask a probing question.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.
  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class

To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.

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