Costing Method

Question 1

Suppose that there are two products: clothing and soda. Both Brazil and the United States produce each product. Brazil can produce 100,000 units of clothing per year and 50,000 cans of soda. The United States can produce 65,000 units of clothing per year and 250,000 cans of soda. Assume that costs remain constant. For this example, assume that the production possibility frontier (PPF) is a straight line for each country because no other data points are available or provided. Include a PPF graph for each country in your paper. Chapter 5 of the Suranovic text is a good reference for this task.

Complete the following:

  • What would be the production possibility frontiers for Brazil and the United States?
  • Without trade, the United States produces AND CONSUMES 32,500 units of clothing and 125,000 cans of soda.
  • Without trade, Brazil produces AND CONSUMES 50,000 units of clothing and 25,000 cans of soda.
  • Denote these points on each COUNTRY’s production possibility frontier.
  • Using what you have learned and any independent research you may conduct, which product should each country specialize in, and why

Question 2

Phil and Jim were roommates in college and have always competed against each other. Since graduating from college, both men were hired at the same company. The company pays bonuses at the end of year based on performance, which also includes a weekend on their boss’s yacht. Two years in a row Phil managed to surpass Jim’s performance. This year, Jim is determined to get the highest bonus. Imagine you are the accountant and knowing that these two men are rivals, answer the following questions in 2 – 3 pages.

1. Compare and contrast job order and ABC costing.

2. Determine which costing method would make it easier to detect budget variances or discrepancies.

3. Identify the steps in the budget process most susceptible to manipulation. Discuss at least two steps where budget discrepancies would be difficult to detect by managers.

4. Propose the goals that should be measured on the corporate score card to ensure that bonuses are paid to the manager making the greatest financial contribution.

5. Use appropriate spelling, grammar, and citations.

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